OPALS is part of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, fight against inequalities and to address climate change by 2030, helping to improve the health of vulnerable populations.
75% reduction in maternal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa
In 2010, an estimated 350,000 to 500,000 women in the world died from causes related to pregnancy, 57% in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Half of the deaths occur during childbirth. The main cause is bleeding, preventable if the mother receives appropriate care. Now in this region, only 48% of births are attended to by skilled health personnel.
2/3 reduction in child mortality in Sub Saharan Africa
The overall rate of mortality in children under 5 is 72%, among the highest in the world, accounting for 4.4 million deaths annually. Respiratory infections, intestinal and malarial diseases are the three main causes of death. These are diseases that can be treated with the appropriate methods. Malnutrition is endemic in this region and is associated with 35% of deaths of children under 5 years.
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis and other infectious diseases
The SSA focuses on 31% of TB cases, 67% of HIV infections, and 70% of malaria cases. In addition, 33% of cases of neonatal tetanus, 50% of deaths due to measles, and 97% of cholera cases occur in this region.
In 2015, 30 million people were living with HIV, 67% in sub-Saharan Africa. In ten years (2005-2015), the annual number of new infections has fallen by 20%. It remains very high since it is estimated that 2.2 million people contracted HIV in 2015 (70% in Africa). In 2015, 1.3 of the 1.8 million deaths due to AIDS (72%) lived in sub-Saharan Africa. The feminization of the HIV pandemic: 80% of women living with HIV worldwide are in sub-Saharan Africa.
Children and HIV: 90% of children under 15 living with HIV worldwide are in sub-Saharan Africa.
The main children’s contamination pathway is transmitting the virus from mother at the time of pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. Prevention of transmission from mother to child (PMTCT) is possible and effective to reducing to less than 2% of the child’s infection frequency. Without proper treatment, more than half of children infected at birth die before 2 years and 80% before the age of 5.
In 2015, an estimated 1.7 million people have died from the diseases, including 500 000 cases of co-infection of HIV/TB. The goal is to half the infection rate of tuberculosis in 2015.
It is an endemic in sub-Saharan Africa where it is estimated that it is responsible for 20% of infant mortality. In pregnant women, malaria infection can be severe with greater risks for the newborn of low birth weight or neonatal anemia. Thus, approximately 8% of newborn deaths are due to malaria in the region.